Passing Parameters to Resolve

When it’s time to resolve services, you may find that you need to pass parameters to the resolution. (If you know the values at registration time, you can provide them in the registration instead.)

The Resolve() methods accept the same parameter types available at registration time using a variable-length argument list. Alternatively, delegate factories and the Func<T> implicit relationship type also allow ways to pass parameters during resolution.

Available Parameter Types

Autofac offers several different parameter matching strategies:

  • NamedParameter - match target parameters by name
  • TypedParameter - match target parameters by type (exact type match required)
  • ResolvedParameter - flexible parameter matching

NamedParameter and TypedParameter can supply constant values only.

ResolvedParameter can be used as a way to supply values dynamically retrieved from the container, e.g. by resolving a service by name.

Parameters with Reflection Components

When you resolve a reflection-based component, the constructor of the type may require a parameter that you need to specify based on a runtime value, something that isn’t available at registration time. You can use a parameter in the Resolve() method call to provide that value.

Say you have a configuration reader that needs a configuration section name passed in:

public class ConfigReader : IConfigReader
  public ConfigReader(string configSectionName)
    // Store config section name

  // configuration based on the section name.

You could pass a parameter to the Resolve() call like this:

var reader = scope.Resolve<ConfigReader>(new NamedParameter("configSectionName", "sectionName"));

As with registration-time parameters, the NamedParameter in the example will map to the corresponding named constructor parameter, assuming the ConfigReader component was registered using reflection.

If you have more than one parameter, just pass them all in via the Resolve() method:

var service = scope.Resolve<AnotherService>(
                new NamedParameter("id", "service-identifier"),
                new TypedParameter(typeof(Guid), Guid.NewGuid()),
                new ResolvedParameter(
                  (pi, ctx) => pi.ParameterType == typeof(ILog) && pi.Name == "logger",
                  (pi, ctx) => LogManager.GetLogger("service")));

Parameters with Lambda Expression Components

With lambda expression component registrations, you need to add the parameter handling inside your lambda expression so when the Resolve() call passes them in, you can take advantage of them.

In the component registration expression, you can make use of the incoming parameters by changing the delegate signature you use for registration. Instead of just taking in an IComponentContext parameter, take in an IComponentContext and an IEnumerable<Parameter>:

// Use TWO parameters to the registration delegate:
// c = The current IComponentContext to dynamically resolve dependencies
// p = An IEnumerable<Parameter> with the incoming parameter set
builder.Register((c, p) =>
                 new ConfigReader(p.Named<string>("configSectionName")))

Now when you resolve the IConfigReader, your lambda will use the parameters passed in:

var reader = scope.Resolve<IConfigReader>(new NamedParameter("configSectionName", "sectionName"));

Passing Parameters Without Explicitly Calling Resolve

Autofac supports two features that allow you to automatically generate service “factories” that can take strongly-typed parameter lists that will be used during resolution. This is a slightly cleaner way to create component instances that require parameters.